Civic Virtues Bibliography

 
  • Amadeo, J., Torney-Purta, J.; Lehmann, R.; Husfeldt, V.; & Nikolova, R. (2002). Civic knowledge and engagement among upper secondary students in sixteen countries. Amsterdam: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement.
  • Andre, J. (2013). Open Hope as a Civic Virtue: Ernst Bloch and Lord Buddha. Philosophy Documentation Center.
  • Angle, S. C. (2016). Moral Virtue, Civic Virtue, and Pluralism. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy, 15(3), 447–452.
  • Annas, J. (1996). Aristotle on Human Nature and Political Virtue. The Review of Metaphysics, 49(4), 731–753.
  • Anscombe, G. E. M. (1958).  Modern Moral Philosophy. Philosophy 33(124): 1-16.
  • Aranzadi, J. (2013). The Natural Link Between Virtue Ethics and Political Virtue: The Morality of the Market. Journal of Business Ethics, 118(3), 487–496.
  • Aristotle. (1995). Politics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Aristotle. (1999). Nicomachean Ethics (2nd ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.
  • Arthur, J., Davies, O., & Hahn, C.L. (2008). Sage handbook of education for citizenship and democracy. London: Sage
  • Audi, R. (1998). A Liberal Theory of Civic Virtue. Social Philosophy and Policy, 15(1), 149–170.
  • Badger, E. (2017).  The Unsung Role that Ordinary Citizens Played in the Great Crime Decline. Newyorktimes.com.  Accessed 10 November 2017.
  • Banks, S. (2018).  What is my Responsibility to my Community? Civic Virtue in an Age of Austerity.  http://www.jubileecentre.ac.uk/userfiles/jubileecentre/pdf/conference-papers/Virtues_in_the_public_sphere/Banks.pdf.
  • Baehr, J. (2017). The varieties of character and some implications for character education. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(6), 1153–1161.
  • Battistich, V., Solomon, D., Watson, M., & Schaps, E. (1997). Caring school communities.  Educational Psychologist, 32, 137-151.
  • Bellah, R., Richard, M., Sullivan, W., Swidler, A., & Tipton, S. (2007). Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
  • Bellou, V. (2008). Exploring civic virtue and turnover intention during organizational changes. Journal of Business Research, 61(7), 778–789.
  • Ben-Porath, S. R. (2007). Civic Virtue Out of Necessity: Patriotism and Democratic Education. Theory and Research in Education, 5(1), 41–59.
  • Ben-Porath, S. R. (2013). Deferring Virtue: The New Management of Students and the Civic Role of Schools. Theory and Research in Education, 11(2), 111–128.
  • Berkowitz, P. (2000). Virtue and the Making of Modern Liberalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Blacker, D. (1992). Civic Virtue, Markets and Schooling: Lessons from Hegel’s Education State. Philosophy of Education: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society, 48, 105–113.
  • Blum, L. (1994). Community and Virtue. In Moral Perception and Particularity (pp. 144–172). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  • Blum, L. (2007). Race, National Ideals, and Civic Virtue. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 533–556.
  • Boxx, T. W., & Quinlivan, G. M. (Eds.). (2000). Public Morality, Civic Virtue, and the Problem of Modern Liberalism. William B. Eerdmans.
  • Brennan, J. (2012). For-Profit Business as Civic Virtue. Journal of Business Ethics, 106(3), 313–324.
  • Brophy, S., Temple, C., & Meredith, K. (2004). Can Civic Virtue Be Taught? (Vol. 151). New York: Rodopi.
  • Brown, Mark B. (2009).  Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
  • Budziszewski, J. (1992). Religion and Civic Virtue. Nomos: Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, 34, 49–68.
  • Budziszewski, J. (1993). Fanning the Embers of Civic Virtue: Toward a (Chastened) Politics of Character. Public Affairs Quarterly, 7(2), 93–112.
  • Burtt, S. (1990). The Good Citizen’s Psyche: On the Psychology of Civic Virtue. Polity, 23(1), 23–38.
  • Burtt, S. (1993). The Politics of Virtue Today: A Critique and a Proposal. The American Political Science Review, 87(2), 360–368.
  • Burtt, S. (2007). Is Inclusion a Civic Virtue? Cosmopolitanism, Disability, and the Liberal State. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 557–578.
  • Buruma, Ian.  (2010). Taming the Gods: Religion and Democracy on Three Continents.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ Pr.
  • Bushlack, T. J. (2015). Politics for a Pilgrim Church: A Thomistic Theory of Civic Virtue. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.
  • Button, M.  A Monkish Kind of Virtue”? For and against Humility. Political Theory, 33(6), 840-868.
  • Calhoun, C. (2000). The Virtue of Civility. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 29(3), 251–275.
  • Callan, E. (1994). Beyond sentimental civic education. American Journal of Education, 102(2), 190–221.
  • Callan, E. (1997). Creating Citizens: Political Education and Liberal Democracy. New York, NY: Clarendon Press.
  • Callan, E. (2000). Liberal Legitimacy, Justice, and Civic Education. Ethics, 111(1), 141–155.
  • Callan, E. (2015). Debate: Liberal Virtues and Civic Education. Journal of Political Philosophy, 23(4), 491–500.
  • Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools and the Leonore Annenberg Institute for Civics (2011). Guardian of democracy: The civic mission of the schools. Washington, CD: Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools and the Leonore Annenberg Institute for Civics.
  • Carrington, P. D. (1994). Legal Education for the People: Populism and Civic Virtue Lecture. University of Kansas Law Review, 43, 1–38.
  • Carter, S. (1998). Civility: Manners, morals and the etiquette of democracy. New York: Basic Books.
  • Character Counts assessments and lessons (goodcharacter.com)
  • Character.Org assessments and lessons
  • Chiaburu, D. S., Sawyer, K., Smith, T. A., Brown, N., & Harris, T. B. (2014). When Civic Virtue isn’t Seen as Virtuous: The Effect of Gender Stereotyping on Civic Virtue Expectations for Women. Sex Roles, 70(5–6), 183–194.
  • Colby, A. & Damon, W. (1992). Some do care: Contemporary lives of moral commitment. New York: The Free Press.
  • Collins, H. and R. Evans. (2017). Why Democracies Need Science.  Malden MA: Polity Press.
  • Collins, S. D. (2004). Moral Virtue and the Limits of the Political Community in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. American Journal of Political Science, 48(1), 47–61.
  • Confucius. (1979). The Analects. New York, NY: Penguin Books.
  • Cooper, T. L. (1987). Hierarchy, Virtue, and the Practice of Public Administration: A Perspective for Normative Ethics. Public Administration Review, 47(4), 320–328.
  • Costa, M. V. (2004). Political Liberalism and the Complexity of Civic Virtue. Southern Journal of Philosophy, 42(2), 149–170.
  • Costa, M. V. (2006). Galston on Liberal Virtues and the Aims of Civic Education. Theory and Research in Education, 4(3), 275–289.
  • Costa, M. V. (2009). “Neo-Republicanism, Freedom as Non-Domination, and Citizen Virtue.” Politics, Philosophy, and Economics, 8: 401–419.
  • Costa, M. V. (2013). Civic Virtue and High Commitment Schools. Theory and Research in Education, 11(2), 129–134.
  • Costa, M. V. (2016). Cosmopolitanism as a Corrective Virtue. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 19(4), 999-1013.
  • Critical Exchange. (2015). What is important in theorizing tolerance today? Contemporary Political Theory,14, 159–196.
  • Dagger, R. (1997). Civic Virtues: Rights, Citizenship, and Republican Liberalism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Damon, W. (2011). Failing Liberty 101: How We Are Leaving Young Americans Unprepared for Citizenship in a Free Society. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press.
  • Danner, H. (1998). Existential Responsibility–The Civic Virtue. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 17(4), 261–270.
  • Davis, M. (1988). Civic Virtue, Corruption, and the Structure of Moral Theories. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 13, 352–366.
  • Dawson, A., & Verweij, M. F. (2007). Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press.
  • Deen, P. (2012). Inquiry and Virtue: A Pragmatist-Liberal Argument for Civic Education. Journal of Social Philosophy, 43(4), 406–425.
  • Diggins, J. P. (1986). The Lost Soul of American Politics: Virtue, Self-Interest, and the Foundations of Liberalism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  • Driver, J. (2007). Cosmopolitan Virtue. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 595-608.
  • Duhamel, J., & Throssell, K. (2015). The uses and abuses of virtue in contemporary republicanism: Philip Pettit and the temptation of perfectionism. Revue Française de Science Politique (English Edition), 65(1), 27–46.
  • Duncan, C. M., & Burtt, S. (1995). Civic Virtue and Self-Interest. American Political Science Review, 89(1), 147–151.
  • Dunlop, W. L., & Walker, L. J. (2013). The personality profile of brave exemplars: A person centered analysis.  Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 380-384.
  • Dunlop, W. L., Walker, L. J., & Matsuba, M. K. (2012). The distinctive moral personality of care exemplars.  Journal of Positive Psychology, 7, 131-143.
  • DuVall, J. (Producer), & York, S. (Director). (1999). A Force More Powerful [Motion Picture]. United States.
  • Eberly, D. (Ed.). (1995). The Content of America’s Character: Recovering Civic Virtue. Lanham, MD: Madison Books.
  • Edelstein, W., & Krettenauer, T. (2014). Citizenship and democracy education in a diverse Europe. In L. Nucci, D. Narvaez & T. Krettenauer (Eds.), Handbook of moral and character education, 2nd ed. (pp. 386-400). New York: Routledge.
  • Edyvane, D. (2013). Civic Virtue and the Sovereignty of Evil. Routledge.
  • Eisgruber, C. L. (2000). Civic Virtue and the Limits of Constitutionalism. Fordham Law Review, 69, 2131–2150.
  • Elshtain, J. B. (1986). Citizenship and Armed Civic Virtue: Some Critical Questions on the Commitment to Public Life. Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 69(1/2), 99–110.
  • Epstein, R. A. (1987). Beyond the Rule of Law: Civic Virtue and Constitutional Structure. George Washington Law Review, 56, 149–171.
  • Etzioni, A. (Ed.). (1995). New Communitarian Thinking: Persons, Virtues, Institutions, and Communities. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia.
  • Facing History and Ourselves (https://www.facinghistory.org/)
  • Farrelly, C. (1999). Public Reason, Neutrality and Civic Virtues. Ratio Juris: An International Journal of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law, 12(1), 11–25.
  • Faulconer, A. W. (2003). Civic Excellence: Citizen Virtue and Contemporary Liberal Democratic Community. University Of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
  • Finnis, J. (2000). Virtue and the Constitution of the United States. Fordham Law Review, 69, 1595–1602.
  • FitzGerald, Frances.  (2017). The Evangelicals: The Struggle to Shape America.  New York: Simon & Shuster.
  • Flanagan, C., & Christens, B. (eds.) (2011). Youth Civic Development: Work on the Cutting Edge. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 134.
  • Flanagan, C., & Levine, P. (2010). Civic engagement and the transition to adulthood. The future of children, 20(1), 159-179.
  • Flanagan, C., Cumsille, P., Gill, S., & Gallay, L. (2007).  School and community climates and civic commitments: Processes for ethnic minority and majority students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(2), 421-431.
  • Flanagan, C., Lin, C., Luisi-Mills, H., Sambo, A., & Hu, M.  (2014). Adolescent civic development across cultures. In L. Jensen, (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (pp. 471-484). 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199948550.013.29
  • Flanagan, C., Lin, C., Luisi-Mills, H., Sambo, A., & Hu, M.  (2014). Adolescent civic development across cultures. In L. Jensen, (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (pp. 471-484). 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199948550.013.29
  • Flanagan, C., Žukauskienė, R., & Beyers, W. (2012). (Guest Editors).  Special Issue, Journal of Adolescence, 35(3), Political and Civic Engagement Development in Adolescence.
  • Flanagan, C.A., & Van Horn, B.  (2003). Youth civic development: A logical next step in community youth development.  In Villarruel, F. A., Perkins, D. F., Borden, L. M., & Keith, J. G. Community youth development: Practice, policy, and research (pp. 273-296). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Ford, R. T. (2012). Cultural Rights versus Civic Virtue? Monist: An International Quarterly Journal of General Philosophical Inquiry, 95(1), 151–171.
  • Fowler, J. H., & Kam, C. D. (2006). Patience as a Political Virtue: Delayed Gratification and Turnout. Political Behavior, 28(2), 113–128.
  • Frey, B. S. (1997). A Constitution for Knaves Crowds Out Civic Virtues. The Economic Journal, 107(443), 1043–1053.
  • Frimer, J. A., Walker, L. J., Lee, B. H., Riches, A., & Dunlop, W. L. (2012). Hierarchical  integration of agency and communion: A study of influential moral figures. Journal of Personality, 80, 1117-1145.
  • Gaebler, R. F. (2011). On the Incompatibility of Political Virtue and Judicial Review: A Neo-Aristotelean Perspective. Hamline Law Review, 34, 263–330.
  • Galston, W. (1991). Toughness as a Political Virtue. Social Theory and Practice, 17(2), 175–197.
  • Galston, W. (2000). Civil Society, Civic Virtue, and Liberal Democracy. Chicago-Kent Law Review, 75(2), 603.
  • Galston, W. A. (1988). Liberal Virtues. American Political Science Review, 82(4), 1277–1290.
  • Galston, W. A. (1991). Liberal Purposes: Goods, Virtues, and Diversity in the Liberal State. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  • Galston, W. A. (2007). Pluralism and Civic Virtue. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 625–635.
  • Garofalo, C., & Geuras, D. (1999). Ethics in the Public Service: The Moral Mind at Work. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
  • Gauthier, J. (2013). Civic Virtues, Divided Societies, and Democratic Dilemmas. Philosophy Documentation Center.
  • Gier, N. F. (2003). Nonviolence as a Civic Virtue: Gandhi and Reformed Liberalism. International Journal of Hindu Studies, 7(1/3), 75–97.
  • Gorski, P. (2017). American covenant: A history of civil religion from the puritans to the
  • Graham, J. W. (2000). Promoting Civic Virtue Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Contemporary Questions Rooted in Classical Quandaries from Political Philosophy. Human Resource Management Review, 10(1), 61–77.
  • Graham, J. W., & Dyne, L. V. (2006). Gathering Information and Exercising Influence: Two Forms of Civic Virtue Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 18(2), 89–109.
  • Greene, J., Azevedo, R. & Torney-Purta, J. (2008). Modeling epistemic and ontological cognition: Philosophical perspectives and methodological directions. Educational Psychologist. 43(3), 142-160.
  • Grönlund, K., Setälä, M., & Herne, K. (2010). Deliberation and civic virtue: lessons from a citizen deliberation experiment. European Political Science Review, 2(1), 95–117.
  • Gutmann, A. (1999). Democratic education. Princeton University Press.
  • Haft, W.S., & Weiss, E.R. (1998). Peer mediation in schools: Expectations and evaluations. Harvard Negotiations Law Review, 3, 213-270.
  • Hall, T. L. (1992). Religion and Civic Virtue:  A Justification of Free Exercise. Tulane Law Review, 67, 87–134.
  • Hamel, C. (2013). The Republicanism of John Milton: Natural Rights, Civic Virtue and the Dignity of Man. History of Political Thought, 34(1), 35–65.
  • Harris, A. P., & Shultz, M. M. (1993). “A(nother) Critique of Pure Reason”: Toward Civic Virtue in Legal Education. Stanford Law Review, 45(6), 1773–1805. https://doi.org/10.2307/1229127
  • Hart, D. K. (1984). The Virtuous Citizen, the Honorable Bureaucrat, and “Public” Administration. Public Administration Review, 44, 111–120.
  • Hart, D., Matsuba, M.K., & Atkins, R. (2014). The moral and civic effects of lraning to serve. In L. Nucci, D. Narvaez & T. Krettenauer (Eds.), Handbook of moral and character education, 2nd ed. (pp. 456-470). New York: Routledge.
  • Heyd, D. (2008). Is Toleration a Political Virtue? Nomos, 48, 171–194.
  • Hirschkind, C. (2001). Civic Virtue and Religious Reason: An Islamic Counterpublic. Cultural Anthropology, 16(1), 3–34.
  • Hobbes, T. (1651). Leviathan. Anodos Books.
  • Hoesterey, J. B. (2012). “Prophetic Cosmopolitanism: Islam, Pop Psychology, and Civic Virtue in Indonesia.” City & Society, 24(1).
  • Hoover Institution’s Boyd and Jill Smith Task Force. (2011). Endangered Virtues. Online Book: Hoover Institution Press.
  • Jaffe, E.  (2013). “Is Civic Virtue Universal?” July 9.  https://www.citylab.com/design/2013/07/civic-virtue-universal/6140/.
  • Jefferson, W., Douglas, T., & Kahane, G. (2014). Enhancement and Civic Virtue. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 40(3), 499–527.
  • Jensen, L. A., & Flanagan, C. (eds.). (2008). Special issue on civic engagement among immigrant youth.  Applied Developmental Science, 12, 55-56.
  • Johnson, K. (1977). Professional Integrity and Civic Virtue: An Appreciation of John Dewey. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C.
  • Jones, D. H. (1992). A Pragmatic Defense of Some Liberal Civic Virtues. Southern Journal of Philosophy, 30(2), 77–92.
  • Kalu, K. (2003). Of Citizenship, Virtue, and the Administrative Imperative: Deconstructing Aristotelian Civic Republicanism. Public Administration Review, 63(4), 418–427.
  • Kann, M. (2010). On The Man Question: Gender and Civic Virtue in America. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
  • Keller, S. (2007). Are Patriotism and Universalism Compatible?” Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 609-624.
  • Kessler, R., & Fink, K. (2008). In L. Nucci & D. Narvaez (Eds.), Handbook of moral and character education (pp. 456-470). New York: Routledge.
  • Kim, S. (2016). Public Reason Confucianism: Democratic Perfectionism and Constitutionalism in East Asia. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
  • Klammer, J., Skarlicki, D. P., & Barclay, L. (2002). Speaking up in the Canadian military: The roles of voice, being heard, and generation in predicting civic virtue. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 34(2), 122–130.
  • Koertge, N. (2005). Scientific Values and Civic Virtues. Oxford Univ Pr.
  • Kohler, T. C. (1994). Civic Virtue at Work: Unions as Seedbeds of the Civic Virtues Essay. Boston College Law Review, 36, 279–304.
  • Krom, M. P. (2014). Civic Virtue: Aquinas on Piety, Observance, and Religion. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 88, 145–153.
  • Kunzman, R. (2006a). Grappling with the Good: Talking about Religion and Morality in Public Schools. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Kunzman, R. (2006b). The Civic (and Pedagogical) Virtue of Recognizing Reasonable Disagreement. Theory & Research in Social Education, 34(2), 162–182.
  • La Raja, R. J. (2014). Political Participation and Civic Courage: The Negative Effect of Transparency on Making Small Campaign Contributions. Political Behavior, 36:753–776.
  • Ladd, J. (1991). Bhopal: An Essay on Moral Responsibility and Civic Virtue. Journal of Social Philosophy, 22(1), 73–91.
  • Lamb, M. (2016). Aquinas and the virtues of hope: Theological and democratic. Journal of  Religious Ethics, 44(2), 300-332.
  • Lane, L. M. (1988). Individualism, Civic Virtue, and Public Administration: The Implications of American Habits of the Heart. Administration & Society, 20(1), 30–45.
  • LeBar, M., ed. (Forthcoming).  Becoming Just. New York: Oxford Univ Pr.
  • Letki, N. (2006). Investigating the Roots of Civic Morality: Trust, Social Capital, and Institutional Performance. Political Behavior, 28:305–325
  • Lichterman, P., & Eliasoph, N. (2014). Civic action. American Journal of Sociology, 120(3), 798–863.
  • Locke, J. (1988). Locke: Two treatises of government student edition. Cambridge University Press.
  • Lombardini, John. (2013).  Civic Laughter: Aristotle and the Political Virtue of Humor.Political Theory, 41(2), 203-230.
  • Lundin. M., O. Nordström-Skans, and P. Zetterberg.  (2016). Leadership Experiences Within Civil Organizations and Candidacy in Public Elections: Causal Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Approach. Political Behavior, 38:433–454
  • Lutz, M. J. (1997). Civic Virtue and Socratic Virtue. Polity, 29(4), 565–592.
  • Macaulay, M., & Lawton, A. (2006). From Virtue to Competence: Changing the Principles of Public Service. Public Administration Review, 66(5), 702–710.
  • Macedo, S. (2000). The Constitution, Civic Virtue, and Civil Society: Social Captial as Substantive Morality. Fordham Law Review, 69, 1573–1593.
  • MacIntyre, A. (1984). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory (Notre Dame, IN. University of Notre Dame Press, 187, 22.
  • MacIntyre, A. (1984). Is Patriotism a Virtue? The Lindley Lecture, The University of Kansas.
  • MacIntyre, A. (2007). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory (3rd ed.). Notre Dame, IN:
  • Malm, H. (2004). Civic Virtue and the Legal Duty to Aid. Univ of Kansas Pr.
  • Mancini, J., & Mancini, S. (2015). Transition to Common Work: Building Community at the Working Centre. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press.
  • Mara, G. M., Richardson, H. S., & Douglass, R. B. (Eds.). (1990). Liberalism and the Good. New York: Routledge.
  • Margulies, P. (1992). Building Communities of Virtue: Political Theory, Land Use Policy, and the Not in My Backyard Syndrome. Syracuse Law Review, 43, 945–996.
  • Mason, A. (2007). Public Justifiability, Deliberation, and Civic Virtue. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 679–700.
  • McClain, L. C. (2000). The Domain of Civic Virtue in a Good Society: Families, Schools, and Sex Equality. Fordham Law Review, 69, 1617–1666.
  • McDonald Dryburgh, M. (2011). Public virtue, cyber-vice: Rethinking public service ethics in the age of the Internet (Dissertation). University of Texas, Dallas. Retrieved from
  • McGregor, J. (2004). Civility, Civic Virtue, and Citizenship. Univ of Kansas Pr.
  • McLaughlin, T. H. (1992). Citizenship, Diversity and Education: Philosophical Perspective. Journal of Moral Education, 21(3), 235–250. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305724920210307
  • Meacham, J. (2007). American gospel: God, the founding fathers, and the making of a nation. New York: Random House.
  • Merry, M. S. (2012). Segregation and Civic Virtue. Educational Theory, 62(4), 465–486.
  • Meyer, G. (2009). Taking risks for others: Social courage as a public virtue. In S. Scuzzarello, C. Kinnvall, & K. R. Monroe (Eds.), On behalf of others: The psychology of care in a global world (p. 82–105, Chapter x, 303 Pages). Oxford University Press.
  • Micheletti, M. (2003). Political Virtue and Shopping: Individuals, Consumerism, and Collective Action. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Moellendorf, D. (2006). Hope as a Political Virtue. Philosophical Papers, 35(3), 413–433.
  • Mongoven, A. (2009). Just Love: Transforming Civic Virtue. Indiana Univ Pr.
  • Mougán Rivero, J. C. (2009). Social Cooperation As Civic Virtue. Editions Rodopi.
  • Mower, G. B. (2013). Confucianism and Civic Virtue. Philosophy Documentation Center.
  • Münkler, H. (1998). Civil Society and Civic Virtue: Do Democratically Constituted Communities Require a Socio‐Moral Foundation? International Review of Sociology, 8(3), 425–438.
  • Murphy, J. B. (2007). From Aristotle to Hobbes: William Galston on Civic Virtue. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 33(4), 637–644.
  • Myers, R. S. (1996). Reflections on the Teaching of Civic Virtue in the Public Schools. University of Detroit Mercy Law Review, 74, 63–92.
  • Narvaez, D. (2009). Nurturing character in the classroom, EthEx Series, Book 4: Ethical Action. Notre Dame, IN: ACE Press.
  • Narvaez, D. & Bock, T. (2009). Nurturing character in the classroom, EthEx Series, Book 2: Ethical Judgment. Notre Dame, IN: ACE Press.
  • Narvaez, D., & Endicott, L. (2009). Nurturing character in the classroom, EthEx Series, Book 1: Ethical Sensitivity. Notre Dame, IN: ACE Press.
  • Narvaez, D. & Lies, J. (2009). Nurturing character in the classroom, EthEx Series, Book 3: Ethical Motivation. Notre Dame, IN: ACE Press.
  • Nelson, S. J. (2002). College presidents: Voices of civic virtue and the common good of democracy. Journal of Leadership Studies, 8(3), 11–28.
  • Noddings, N. (2002). Educating moral people: A caring alternative to character education. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Noddings, N. (2004). Happiness and education. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  • Nucci, L. P., & Narvaez, D. (Eds.) (2008). Handbook of moral and character education. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Nucci, L., Narvaez, D., & Krettenauer, T. (Eds.) (2014). Handbook of moral and character education (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Nunan, R. (2001). The 2000 Presidential Post-Election Election Campaign: A Cautionary Case Study on Civic Virtue & Democratic Theory in Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy, Tziporah Kasachkoff and Eugene Kelly (eds). American Philosophical Association Newsletters, 1(1), 185–187.
  • Nussbaum, M. (1996). Compassion: The Basic Social Emotion. Social Philosophy and Policy, 13(1), 27–58.
  • Nussbaum, M. C. (1992). Human Functioning and Social Justice: In Defense of Aristotelian Essentialism. Political Theory, 20(2), 202–246.
  • Oakes, J., Quartz, K. H., Ryan, S., & Lipton, M. (2000). Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Phi Delta Kappan, 81(8), 568–575.
  • Oakes, J., Quartz, K. H., Ryan, S., & Lipton, M. (2005). Struggling for Civic Virtue through School Reform. In D. K. Lapsley & F. C. Power (Eds.), Character psychology and character education, pp. 286–304. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
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